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In February 2009, Kosovo celebrated the first anniversary of its self-proclaimed independence, which has been recognized by more than 50 states of the international community.

The Government of Serbia disputes Kosovo’s independent status and claims Kosovo as part of its territory according to the UN Resolution 1244.

Recently the EU has established a special mission (EULEX) in Kosovo to oversee the new Kosovo government’s institutions, its implementation of the rule of law, and to ensure the protection of all ethnic minorities living in Kosovo.

However, Serbs and other non-Albanians living in Kosovo still face unsafe conditions and ongoing human rights violations. Thousands of people who have been expelled from Kosovo have still not returned to their homes. Most of the destroyed or vandalized Christian Orthodox churches and monasteries have not been rebuilt yet.